According to 2015 estimates, 11.5 percent of deaths taking place globally is due to smoking, the silent killer. Out of this 11.5 percent, 52.2 percent deaths alone have taken place in United States, China, India and Russia.
About 5 billion deaths have taken place since 1990 due to smoking. The smoking-related illness has claimed more lives in poor nations.
The conducted study
To study the ill-effects of smoking and its global impact, researchers studied the data from 195 territories and nations. The data was analyzed from 1990 to 2015.
During the study, researchers found that number of smokers have decreased globally but considering the population growth, the number of smokers is rising worldwide.
For the purpose of the study, researchers have synthesized 2818 data sources with spatiotemporal Gaussian process regression and generated the estimates of daily smoking ratio according to sex, age group and year across 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015.
Findings Of The Study
As seen in 2015, 933 million people smoked every day and 80 percent of these smokers were males.
On contrary, there was a decrease in smoking from 29.4 percent to 15.3 percent from 1990 to 2015. Every 1 in 4 men smokes on regular basis, on contrary every 1 in 20 women smoke on regular basis. The smoking rate has decreased from 35 percent which was seen in 1990 to 25 percent that was reported in 2015. Also, the smoking rate for women has decreased from 8 percent to 5 percent from the year 1990 to 2015 respectively.
China has topped the list of smokers, having 254 million male smokers, followed by India with 91 million male smokers.
It is surprising to note that in United State the number of female smokers was 17 million in 2015. Following the United States, China ranked second in female smokers estimating 17 million female smokers, followed by India having 13.5 million female smokers. Gakidou one of the study researchers says that it is necessary to take prompt measures and stress the importance of ill-effects of smoking on one’s health.
The study has been published on April 5 in the journal The Lancet.